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Merge commit 'd3b08b44f0d74fd2cbb5f488f6cb9ad2fb352db8' as 'vendor/arduino-makefile'

Peter J. Jones 5 years ago
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# Contributing To Arduino Makefile

Community made patches, localizations, bug reports, documentation and contributions are always welcome and are crucial to the success of this project.

When contributing please ensure you follow the guidelines below so that we can keep on top of things.

## Getting Started

Submit a ticket for your issue, assuming one does not already exist.

- Raise it on our [Issue Tracker](
- Clearly describe the issue including steps to reproduce the bug.
- Make sure you fill in the earliest version that you know has the issue as well as the following
- Your operating system (Mac, Linux/Unix, Windows)
- Your Arduino IDE version
- Snippet of your makefile

## Making Changes

- Fork the repository on GitHub
- Make the changes to your forked repository
- Update the [changelog file]( and add a note about your change. If possible prefix it with either Fix, Tweak or New
- If you are adding or changing the behavior of any variable, then update the corresponding documentation in the []( file as well
- When committing, reference your issue (if present) and include a note about the fix
- If possible (and if makes sense) do atomic commits
- Try to follow [this guideline]( while choosing the git commit message
- Push the changes to your fork and submit a pull request to the 'master' branch of the this repository

At this point you're waiting on us to merge your pull request. We'll review all pull requests, and make suggestions and changes if necessary.

# Additional Resources

- [General GitHub Documentation](
- [GitHub Pull Request documentation](
- [Guide about contributing code in GitHub](

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# Useful functions
# Returns the first argument (typically a directory), if the file or directory
# named by concatenating the first and optionally second argument
# (directory and optional filename) exists
dir_if_exists = $(if $(wildcard $(1)$(2)),$(1))

# Run a shell script if it exists. Stops make on error.
runscript_if_exists = \
$(if $(wildcard $(1)), \
$(if $(findstring 0, \
$(lastword $(shell $(abspath $(wildcard $(1))); echo $$?))), \
$(info Info: $(1) success), \
$(error ERROR: $(1) failed)))

# For message printing: pad the right side of the first argument with spaces to
# the number of bytes indicated by the second argument.
space_pad_to = $(shell echo $(1) " " | head -c$(2))

# Call with some text, and a prefix tag if desired (like [AUTODETECTED]),
show_config_info = $(call arduino_output,- $(call space_pad_to,$(2),20) $(1))

# Call with the name of the variable, a prefix tag if desired (like [AUTODETECTED]),
# and an explanation if desired (like (found in $$PATH)
show_config_variable = $(call show_config_info,$(1) = $($(1)) $(3),$(2))

# Just a nice simple visual separator
show_separator = $(call arduino_output,-------------------------)

$(call show_separator)
$(call arduino_output, Configuration:)

# Detect OS
ifeq ($(OS),Windows_NT)
UNAME_S := $(shell uname -s)
ifeq ($(UNAME_S),Linux)
ifeq ($(UNAME_S),Darwin)
$(call show_config_variable,CURRENT_OS,[AUTODETECTED])

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A Makefile for Arduino Sketches

The following is the rough list of changes that went into different versions.
I tried to give credit whenever possible. If I have missed anyone, kindly add it to the list.

### 1.3.4 (2014-07-12)
- Tweak: Allow spaces in "Serial.begin (....)". (Issue #190) (
- Add: Add support for compiling assembler code. (Issue #195) (
- Add: Try to guess port from wildcards if not specified. (Issue #197) (
- Fix: Check that on windows ARDUINO_DIR (and MPIDE_DIR) is a relative path. (Issue #201 and #202) (
- Add: List board name as well as tag in `make show_boards`. (Issue #204) (
- Fix: Add missing newlines at end of some echo's (Issue #207) (
- Fix: Add missing/reorder/reword targets in `make help` (
- New: is now compatible with Flymake mode (
- Fix: MONITOR_PORT detection (Issue #213, #215) (
- Tweak: Audited regexes/quoting/wildcards (Issue #192) (
- New: Build core objects in subdirectory (Issue #82) (

### 1.3.3 (2014-04-12)
- Fix: Make a new manpage for ard-reset-arduino. Fixes issue #188 (

### 1.3.2 (2014-04-11)
- Fix: Add file to RPM SPECfile. (
- Fix: Add avr-libc/malloc.c and realloc.c to included core files. Fixes issue #163 (
- Fix: Add "gpio" to the list of isp that don't have a port. (Issue #165, #166) (
- Fix: Add "-D__PROG_TYPES_COMPAT__" to the avr-g++ compiler flags to match IDE. (
- New: Create `Makefile-example-mk`, a *real life* `Makefile` example, to be used as a reference. (
- Tweak: Add `OBJDIR` to `` (
- Tweak: *Beautify* `` with code blocks. (
- Fix: AVR tools paths for chipKIT in Linux. (
- Fix: Consider usb or usb:... to be a valid ISP_PORT (
- Add: Add phony target to run pre-build hook script (
- Fix: Add BOOTLOADER_PARENT to `` and fixed BOOTLOADER_PATH example. (
- Tweak: Replace perl reset script with Python script. (
- Tweak: Made choice of Python2/3 interpreter up to the OS. (
- Tweak: Simplified packaging dependencies. (
- Tweak: Tweak AVRDUDE conf detection in windows. (

### 1.3.1 (2014-02-04)
- Fix: BUNDLED_AVR_TOOLS_DIR is now set properly when using only arduino-core and not the whole arduino package. (
- New: Document all variables that can be overridden. (
- New: Add a new `help_vars` target to display information about variables that can be overridden.

### 1.3.0 (2014-01-29)
- Fix: Use more reliable serial device naming in Windows. Fix issue #139 and #155 (
- Fix: Document that ARDUINO_DIR must be a relative path in Windows. Fix issue #156 (
- Tweak: Don't hard code MONITOR_PORT in examples, for more flexible testing. (Issue #157) (
- Tweak: Silence the stderr output from call to `which`. (Issue #158) (
- Fix: Override complete compiler tool paths for chipKIT. (Issue #159) (
- New: The makefile is compatible with Windows
- New: Update `` file about usage and Windows compatibility

### 1.2.0 (2014-01-14)
- Add: Add RPM SPECfile and new `package` directory to store package instructions and files (
- Fix: Remove use of arduino-mk subdirectory in git. Fix issue #151, #152 and #147 (
- Fix: Remove `arduino-mk` directory from all examples. Fix #154

### 1.1.0 (2013-12-26)
- Don't append port details to avrdude for usbasp. See #123
- Ignore commented lines while parsing boards.txt file. See #124
- In ISP mode, read baudrate and programmer from boards.txt. See #125
- Add `burn_bootloader` target. See #85
- Show correct path to `` file in help message. Fix #120
- Change echo for printf. Fix #129 (
- Add support for ChipKiT 2013. Fix #136 (
- Auto detect and include libraries specified in `USER_LIB_PATH`. Fix #135 (
- Use `MAKEFILE_LIST` to get the name of the make file. Fix #130 (
- New: Add option to set fuses without burning a bootloader. Fix #141 (
- Tweak: Don't append port details to avrdude for usbtiny. Fix #140 and #138 (
- Fix: Handle relative paths of bootloader file while burning bootloaders. Fix #126 and #142 (
- New: Add `` explaining how to contribute to the project.
- New: Force -Os optimization for SoftwareSerial. Add `OPTIMIZATION_FLAGS` and `DEBUG_FLAGS`. (
- Fix: Use `ARDUINO_HEADER` variable instead of hardcoded file names. Fix #131

### 1.0.1 (2013-09-25)
- Unconditionally add -D in avrdude options. See #114

### 1.0.0 (2013-09-22)
- Add $OBJDIR to the list of configuration that gets printed. Fix issue #77
- Add support for specifying optimization level. Fix issue #81
- Add support for reseting "Micro" Arduino. Fix issue #80 (
- Remove "utility" from example makefiles. Fix issue #84
- Auto detect alternate core path from sketchbook folder. Fix issue #86
- Remove redundant checks for ARDUINO_DIR
- Improve avrdude and avrdude.conf path auto detection. Fix issue #48
- Move binary sketch size verification logic inside makefile. Fix issue #54
- Remove dependency on wait-connection-leonardo shell script. Fix issue #95
- Add support for the Digilent chipKIT platform. (
- Implement ard-parse-boards with shell scripting instead of Perl (
- Compile with debugging symbols only when DEBUG=1 (
- Replace Leonardo detection with Caterina detection (
- Autodetect baudrate only if either a .ino/.pde is present
- Allow building with Arduino core, without a .ino/.pde file
- Ability to support different Arduino cores (

### 0.12.0 (2013-06-20)
- Fix "generated_assembly" target, which got broken earlier. Fix issue #76 (
- Deprecate "generated_assembly" target in favour of "generate_assembly". Fix issue #79

### 0.11.0 (2013-06-15)
- Replace hardcoded executables with variable
- Fix whitespace issues
- Add a warning when HEX_MAXIMUM_SIZE is not specified
- Add the ability to configure avrdude options. Fix issue #53
- Handle cases where certain fuse bits are not present. Fix issue #61
- Add support for compiling plain AVR C files. Fix issue #63
- Add an example to show how to compile AVR C files. Fix issue #73

### 0.10.6 (2013-06-14)
- Fix whitespace and add /dev/null redirection (
- Change the way AUTO_ARDUINO_VERSION is computed (
- Make serial monitor baudrate detection work in Mac as well(
- Fix directory creation for library source files (
- Rewrite ard-leonardo-reset script in perl (

### 0.10.5 (2013-06-11)
- Add USB_VID and USB_PID to CPPFLAGS only if the board is Leonardo.
- Allow adding extra common dependencies (COMMON_DEPS) (
- Added ifndef ARDUINO_VAR_PATH for compiling for the attiny (
- Strip extra whitespace from the `BOARD_TAG` variable
- Enhanced support for programming using Arduino as ISP
- Added example to show how to program using Arduino as ISP
- Add support for Leonardo boards. Took code from (

### 0.10.4 (2013-05-31) @matthijskooijman
- Improved BAUD_RATE detection logic
- Added logic to check if there is only .ino or .pde file
- Compile .ino/.pde files directly
- Output configuration only once
- Try to read Version.txt file only if it is present
- Refactored dependency code

### 0.10.3 16.xii 2012 gaftech
- Enabling creation of EEPROM file (.eep)
- EEPROM upload: eeprom and raw_eeprom targets
- Auto EEPROM upload with isp mode: ISP_EEPROM option.
- Allow custom OBJDIR

### 0.10.2 15.xii.2012 Sudar
- Added sketch size verification. (
- Show original line number for error messages (
- Removed -w from CPPFLAGS to show warnings (
- Changed shebang to use /usr/bin/env (
- set USB_VID and USB_PID only for leonardo boards(
- Updated Readme (

### 0.10.1 15.xii.2012 Sudar
- Merged all changes from Upstream and the following changes from
- Allow passing extra flags
- Make listing files more useful
- Add knowledge of device-specific assembler
- Use variables instead of hardcoded commands
- Make disasm more helpful
- Change .sym output
- Provide symbol_sizes and generated_assembly targets.
- Be able to silence configuration output
- Make everybody depend on the makefile, in case cflags are changed, etc.
- Make the makefile error if the arduino port is not present.

### 0.10 17.ix.12 M J Oldfield
- Added installation notes for Fedora (ex Rickard Lindberg).
- Changed size target so that it looks at the ELF object,
not the hexfile (ex Jared Szechy and Scott Howard).
- Fixed ARDUNIO typo in (ex Kalin Kozhuharov).
- Tweaked OBJDIR handling (ex Matthias Urlichs and Scott Howard).
- Changed the name of the Debian/Ubuntu package (ex
Scott Howard).
- Only set AVRDUDE_CONF if it's not set (ex Tom Hall).
- Added support for USB_PID/VID used by the Leonardo (ex Dan
Villiom Podlaski Christiansen and Marc Plano-Lesay).

### 10.ix.2012 Sudar
- Fixed a typo in README. Issue reported at upstream (

### 18.viii.2012 jeffkowalski

- Autodetect ARDUINO_LIBS from includes in LOCAL_SRCS
- Autodetect ARDUINO_SKETCHBOOK from file set by Arduino IDE
- Autodetect ARDMK_DIR based on location of this file
- Added support for utility directory within SYS and USER libraries

### 0.9.3

- Auto detect ARDUINO_DIR, Arduino version (
- Categorize libs into user and system (
- Dump size at the end of the build (
- Lots and lots of improvements (
- Changed bytes option for the head shell command, so that it works in Mac as well
- Auto detect Serial Baud rate from sketch if possible

### 0.9.2

- Allow user to choose source files (LOCAL_*_SRCS flags) (
- Modified "make size" behavior: using --mcu option and targeting .elf file instead of .hex file.(

### 0.9.1

- Corrected the ubuntu package names
- Prevent the *file-not-found* error if the file is not needed
- Delete the build-cli folder as well while doing make clean
- Added support for compiling .pde files in Arduino 1.0 environment
- Replaced = with += in CPPFLAGS assignment so that we can set CPPFLAGS per sketch if needed
- Changed AVRDUDE_CONF so it can be defined in per-project makefile (
- Cleaner way to delete the build-cli directory when make clean is invoked
- The package name in Debian and Ubuntu is arduino-mk (

### 2012-02-12, version 0.8
- Patches for version 1.0 of the Arduino IDE. Older versions might still work, but I’ve not tested it.
- A change to the build process: rather than link all the system objects directly into the executable, bundle them in a library first. This should make the final executable smaller.
- If TARGET isn’t explicitly set, default to the current directory name. Thanks to Daniele Vergini for this patch.
- Add support for .c files in system libraries: Dirk-Willem van Gulik and Evan Goldenberg both reported this and provided patches in the same spirit.
- Added a size target as suggested by Alex Satrapa.

### Unreleased, version 0.7
- Added -lm to the linker options, and -F to stty.

### 2011-06-23, version 0.6
- Added ard-parse-boards. Mark Sproul suggested doing something like this ages ago, but I’ve only recently looked at it in detail.
- Fabien Le Lez reported that one needs to link with -lc to avoid [linker errors](,40215.0.html).

### 2011-06-23, version 0.5
- Imported changes from Debian/Ubuntu, which incorporate a patch from Stefan Tomanek so that libraries would be compiled too.

Note: Many other people sent me similar patches, but I didn't get around to using them. In the end, I took the patch from Debian and Ubuntu: there seems merit in not forking the code and using a tested version. So, thanks and apologies to Nick Andrew, Leandro Coletto Biazon, Thibaud Chupin, Craig Hollabaugh, Johannes H. Jensen, Fabien Le Lez, Craig Leres, and Mark Sproul.

### 2010-05-24, version 0.4
Tweaked rules for the reset target on Philip Hands’ advice.

### 2010-05-21, version 0.3
- Tidied up the licensing, making it clear that it’s released under LGPL 2.1.
- [Philip Hands]( sent me some code to reset the Arduino by dropping DTR for 100ms, and I added it.
- Tweaked the Makefile to handle version 0018 of the Arduino software which now includes main.cpp. Accordingly we don’t need to—and indeed must not—add main.cxx to the .pde sketch file. The paths seem to have changed a bit too.

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# A Makefile for Arduino Sketches

This is a very simple Makefile which knows how to build Arduino sketches. It defines entire workflows for compiling code, flashing it to Arduino and even communicating through Serial monitor. You don't need to change anything in the Arduino sketches.

## Features

- Very robust
- Highly customizable
- Supports all official AVR-based Arduino boards
- Supports chipKIT
- Works on all three major OS (Mac, Linux, Windows)
- Auto detects serial baud rate and libraries used
- Support for `*.ino` and `*.pde` sketches as well as raw `*.c` and `*.cpp`
- Support for Arduino Software versions 1.0.x as well as 0.x.
Support for Arduino 1.5.x is still work in progress
- Automatic dependency tracking. Referred libraries are automatically included
in the build process. Changes in `*.h` files lead to recompilation of sources which include them

## Installation

### Through package

If you're using FreeBSD, Debian or Ubuntu, you can find this in the `arduino-mk`
package which can be installed using `apt-get` or `aptitude`.

### From source

- Download the latest release
- Or clone it from Github using the command `git clone`
- Check the [usage section]( in this readme about setting usage options

## Requirements

You need to have the Arduino IDE. You can either install it through the
installer or download the distribution zip file and extract it.

The Makefile also delegates resetting the board to a short Python program.
You'll need to install `pySerial` to use it though.

On Debian or Ubuntu:

apt-get install python-serial

On Fedora:

yum install pyserial

On openSUSE:

zypper install python-serial

On Mac using MacPorts:

sudo port install py27-serial

On Windows:

You need to install Cygwin and its packages for Make, Perl and the following Serial library.

pySerial can be downloaded from PyPi

On other systems:

pip install pyserial


easy_install -U pyserial

## Usage

You can also find more [detailed instructions in this guide](

You can also checkout the sample makefiles inside the `examples/` directory, e.g. [Makefile-example](examples/MakefileExample/

Download a copy of this repo some where in your system or install it through a package.

On the Mac you might want to set:

ARDUINO_DIR = /Applications/
ARDMK_DIR = /usr/local
BOARD_TAG = mega2560

On Linux (if you have installed through package), you shouldn't need to set anything other than your board type and port:

BOARD_TAG = mega2560

On Windows (using cygwin), you might want to set:

ARDUINO_DIR = ../../arduino
ARDMK_DIR = path/to/mkfile
BOARD_TAG = mega2560

It is recommended in Windows that you create a symbolic link to avoid problems with file naming conventions on Windows. For example, if your your Arduino directory is in:

c:\Program Files (x86)\Arduino

You will get problems with the special characters on the directory name. More details about this can be found in [issue #94](

To create a symbolic link, you can use the command “mklink” on Windows, e.g.

mklink /d c:\Arduino c:\Program Files (x86)\Arduino

After which, the variables should be:


Instead of:

ARDUINO_DIR=../../../../../Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Arduino

- `BOARD_TAG` - Type of board, for a list see boards.txt or `make show_boards`
- `MONITOR_PORT` - The port where your Arduino is plugged in, usually `/dev/ttyACM0` or `/dev/ttyUSB0` in Linux or Mac OS X and `com3`, `com4`, etc. in Windows.
- `ARDUINO_DIR` - Path to Arduino installation. In Cygwin in Windows this path must be
relative, not absolute (e.g. "../../arduino" and not "/c/cygwin/Arduino").
- `ARDMK_DIR` - Path where the `*.mk` are present. If you installed the package, then it is usually `/usr/share/arduino`
- `AVR_TOOLS_DIR` - Path where the avr tools chain binaries are present. If you are going to use the binaries that came with Arduino installation, then you don't have to set it. Otherwise set it realtive and not absolute.

The list of all variables that can be overridden is available at []( file.

## Including Libraries

You can specify space separated list of libraries that are needed for your sketch to the variable `ARDUINO_LIBS`.

`ARDUINO_LIBS = Wire SoftwareSerial`

The libraries will be searched in the following places in the following order.

- `/libraries` directory inside your sketchbook directory. Sketchbook directory will be auto detected from your Arduino preference file. You can also manually set it through `ARDUINO_SKETCHBOOK`.
- `/libraries` directory inside your Arduino directory, which is read from `ARDUINO_DIR`.

The libraries inside user directories will take precedence over libraries present in Arduino core directory.

The makefile can autodetect the libraries that are included from your sketch and can include them automatically. But it can't detect libraries that are included from other libraries. (see [issue #93](

## avrdude

To upload compiled files, `avrdude` is used. This Makefile tries to find `avrdude` and it's config (`avrdude.conf`) below `ARDUINO_DIR`. If you like to use the one installed on your system instead of the one which came with Arduino, you can try to set the variables `AVRDUDE` and `AVRDUDE_CONF`. On a typical Linux system these could be set to

AVRDDUDE = /usr/bin/avrdude
AVRDUDE_CONF = /etc/avrdude.conf

## Colorgcc

It is possible to use [`colorgcc`]( with this makefile. Check out [this comment]( to find usage instructions.

## Emacs/Flymake support

On-the-fly syntax checking in Emacs using the [Flymake]( minor mode is now possible.

First, the flymake mode must be configured to recognize ino files :

Edit the flymake configuration :

M-x customize-option RET
flymake-allowed-file-name-masks RET

Add the line :

("\\.ino\\'" flymake-simple-make-init)

Then click on "Apply and Save" button

Then, the following line must be added to the project Makefile :

$(CXX_NAME) -c -include Arduino.h -x c++ $(CXXFLAGS) $(CPPFLAGS) -fsyntax-only $(CHK_SOURCES)

## Versioning

The current version of the makefile is `1.3.4`. You can find the full history in the []( file

This project adheres to Semantic [Versioning 2.0](

## License

This makefile and the related documentation and examples are free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as
published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

## Contribution

All contributions (even documentation) are welcome :) Open a pull request and I would be happy to merge them.
Also checkout the [contribution guide]( for more details.

If you are looking for ideas to work on, then check out the following TODO items or the [issue tracker](

## Limitations / Know Issues / TODO's

- Doesn't work with Arduino 1.5.x yet. Follow [issue #45]( for progress.
- Since it doesn't do any pre processing like Arduino IDE, you have to declare all methods before you use them ([issue #59](
- More than one .ino or .pde file is not supported yet ([issue #49](
- When you compile for the first time, it builds all libs inside Arduino directory even if it is not needed. But while linking only the relevant files are linked. ([issue #29]( Even Arduino IDE does the same thing though.

If you find an issue or have an idea for a feature then log them in the [issue tracker](

## Credits

This makefile was originally created by [Martin Oldfield]( and he maintained it till v0.10.2.
From May 2013, it is maintained by [Sudar](

## Similar works
- It's not a derivative of this, but Alan Burlison has written a [similar thing](
- Alan's Makefile was used in a [Pragmatic Programmer's article](
- Rei Vilo wrote to tell me that he's using the Makefile ina Xcode 4 template called [embedXcode]( Apparently it supports many platforms and boards, including AVR-based Arduino, AVR-based Wiring, PIC32-based chipKIT, MSP430-based LaunchPad and ARM3-based Maple.

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.TH ARD-RESET-ARDUINO "1" "April 2014" "ard-reset-arduino 1.3.4" "Arduino CLI Reset"

ard-reset-arduino - Reset Arduino board

.B ard-reset-arduino

To reset Arduinos, we either pulse the DTR line or open the USB port
at 1200 baud and close it again.

.B \-\-verbose
Watch what's going on on STDERR.

.B \-\-period
Specify the DTR pulse width in seconds.

.B \-\-caterina
Reset a Leonardo, Micro, Robot, LilyPadUSB or similar 32u4-based device.

ard-reset-arduino /dev/ttyACM0
ard-reset-arduino \-\-verbose \-\-period=0.1 /dev/cu.usb*
ard-reset-arduino \-\-verbose \-\-caterina /dev/ttyUSB0

There are no known bugs in this application. Please report problems
to the author. Patches are welcome.

Simon John,

Copyright (c) 2014, Simon John. All rights reserved.
This file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published
by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of

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#!/usr/bin/env python

from __future__ import print_function
import serial
import os.path
import argparse
from time import sleep

parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Reset an Arduino')
parser.add_argument('--caterina', action='store_true', help='Reset a Leonardo, Micro, Robot or LilyPadUSB.')
parser.add_argument('--verbose', action='store_true', help="Watch what's going on on STDERR.")
parser.add_argument('--period', default=0.1, help='Specify the DTR pulse width in seconds.')
parser.add_argument('port', nargs=1, help='Serial device e.g. /dev/ttyACM0')
args = parser.parse_args()

if args.caterina:
if args.verbose: print('Forcing reset using 1200bps open/close on port %s' % args.port[0])
ser = serial.Serial(args.port[0], 57600)

while not os.path.exists(args.port[0]):
if args.verbose: print('Waiting for %s to come back' % args.port[0])

if args.verbose: print('%s has come back after reset' % args.port[0])
if args.verbose: print('Setting DTR high on %s for %ss' % (args.port[0],args.period))
ser = serial.Serial(args.port[0], 115200)

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# chipKIT extensions for Arduino Makefile
# System part (i.e. project independent)
# Copyright (C) 2011, 2012, 2013 Christopher Peplin
# <>, based on work that is Copyright Martin
# Oldfield
# This file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as
# published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the
# License, or (at your option) any later version.
# Modified by John Wallbank for Visual Studio
# Development changes, John Wallbank,
# - made inclusion of WProgram.h optional so that
# including it in the source doesn't mess up compile error line numbers
# - parameterised the routine used to reset the serial port

# Makefile distribution path

# The show_config_variable is unavailable before we include the common makefile,
# so we defer logging the ARDMK_DIR info until it happens in
ifndef ARDMK_DIR
# presume it's the same path to our own file
ARDMK_DIR := $(realpath $(dir $(realpath $(lastword $(MAKEFILE_LIST)))))

include $(ARDMK_DIR)/

ifndef MPIDE_DIR
AUTO_MPIDE_DIR := $(firstword \
$(call dir_if_exists,/usr/share/mpide) \
$(call dir_if_exists,/Applications/ )
$(call show_config_variable,MPIDE_DIR,[autodetected])
echo $(error "mpide_dir is not defined")
$(call show_config_variable,MPIDE_DIR,[USER])

ifneq ($(shell echo $(ARDUINO_DIR) | egrep '^(/|[a-zA-Z]:\\)'),)
echo $(error On Windows, MPIDE_DIR must be a relative path)

$(call dir_if_exists,$(HOME)/.mpide/preferences.txt) \
$(call dir_if_exists,$(HOME)/Library/Mpide/preferences.txt) )
$(call show_config_variable,MPIDE_PREFERENCES_PATH,[autodetected])

# The same as in Arduino, the Linux distribution contains avrdude and #
# avrdude.conf in a different location, but for chipKIT it's even slightly
# different than the Linux paths for Arduino, so we have to "double override".
AVRDUDE_DIR = $(ARDUINO_DIR)/hardware/tools
AVRDUDE_CONF = $(AVRDUDE_DIR)/avrdude.conf

PIC32_TOOLS_DIR = $(ARDUINO_DIR)/hardware/pic32/compiler/pic32-tools




CC_NAME = pic32-gcc
CXX_NAME = pic32-g++
AR_NAME = pic32-ar
OBJDUMP_NAME = pic32-objdump
OBJCOPY_NAME = pic32-objcopy
SIZE_NAME = pic32-size
NM_NAME = pic32-nm


LDSCRIPT = $(call PARSE_BOARD,$(BOARD_TAG),ldscript)

CPPFLAGS += -mno-smart-io -fno-short-double

include $(ARDMK_DIR)/

+ 1
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vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/.gitignore View File

@@ -0,0 +1 @@

+ 23
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/ATtinyBlink/ATtinyBlink.ino View File

@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
Turns on an LED on for one second, then off for one second, repeatedly.
This example code is in the public domain.
// Connect a LED to Pin 3. It might be different in different ATtiny micro controllers
int led = 3;

// the setup routine runs once when you press reset:
void setup() {
// initialize the digital pin as an output.
pinMode(led, OUTPUT);

// the loop routine runs over and over again forever:
void loop() {
digitalWrite(led, HIGH); // turn the LED on (HIGH is the voltage level)
delay(1000); // wait for a second
digitalWrite(led, LOW); // turn the LED off by making the voltage LOW
delay(1000); // wait for a second

+ 13
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vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/ATtinyBlink/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
# Arduino Make file. Refer to

# if you have placed the alternate core in your sketchbook directory, then you can just mention the core name alone.
# If not, you might have to include the full path.
#ALTERNATE_CORE_PATH = /home/sudar/Dropbox/code/arduino-sketches/hardware/attiny/

BOARD_TAG = attiny85-8
ISP_PORT = /dev/ttyACM*

include $(ARDMK_DIR)/

# !!! Important. You have to use make ispload to upload when using ISP programmer

+ 53
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/AnalogInOutSerial/AnalogInOutSerial.ino View File

@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
Analog input, analog output, serial output
Reads an analog input pin, maps the result to a range from 0 to 255
and uses the result to set the pulsewidth modulation (PWM) of an output pin.
Also prints the results to the serial monitor.
The circuit:
* potentiometer connected to analog pin 0.
Center pin of the potentiometer goes to the analog pin.
side pins of the potentiometer go to +5V and ground
* LED connected from digital pin 9 to ground
created 29 Dec. 2008
modified 30 Aug 2011
by Tom Igoe
This example code is in the public domain.

// These constants won't change. They're used to give names
// to the pins used:
const int analogInPin = A0; // Analog input pin that the potentiometer is attached to
const int analogOutPin = 9; // Analog output pin that the LED is attached to

int sensorValue = 0; // value read from the pot
int outputValue = 0; // value output to the PWM (analog out)

void setup() {
// initialize serial communications at 9600 bps:

void loop() {
// read the analog in value:
sensorValue = analogRead(analogInPin);
// map it to the range of the analog out:
outputValue = map(sensorValue, 0, 1023, 0, 255);
// change the analog out value:
analogWrite(analogOutPin, outputValue);

// print the results to the serial monitor:
Serial.print("sensor = " );
Serial.print("\t output = ");

// wait 10 milliseconds before the next loop
// for the analog-to-digital converter to settle
// after the last reading:

+ 4
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vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/AnalogInOutSerial/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@

include ../../

+ 19
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/Blink/Blink.ino View File

@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
Turns on an LED on for one second, then off for one second, repeatedly.
This example code is in the public domain.

void setup() {
// initialize the digital pin as an output.
// Pin 13 has an LED connected on most Arduino boards:
pinMode(13, OUTPUT);

void loop() {
digitalWrite(13, HIGH); // set the LED on
delay(1000); // wait for a second
digitalWrite(13, LOW); // set the LED off
delay(1000); // wait for a second

+ 5
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/Blink/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@

include ../../

+ 19
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/BlinkChipKIT/BlinkChipKIT.pde View File

@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
Turns on an LED on for one second, then off for one second, repeatedly.
This example code is in the public domain.

void setup() {
// initialize the digital pin as an output.
// Pin 13 has an LED connected on most Arduino boards:
pinMode(13, OUTPUT);

void loop() {
digitalWrite(13, HIGH); // set the LED on
delay(1000); // wait for a second
digitalWrite(13, LOW); // set the LED off
delay(1000); // wait for a second

+ 5
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/BlinkChipKIT/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
BOARD_TAG = mega_pic32

include ../../

+ 16
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/BlinkInAVRC/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
# This sample Makefile, explains how you can compile plain AVR C file.
# Arduino Make file. Refer to


BOARD_TAG = atmega16
MCU = atmega16
F_CPU = 8000000L

ISP_PROG = stk500v1

include $(ARDMK_DIR)/

# !!! Important. You have to use make ispload to upload when using ISP programmer

+ 38
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/BlinkInAVRC/blink.c View File

@@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
* © Anil Kumar Pugalia, 2010. Email:
* ATmega48/88/168, ATmega16/32
* Example Blink. Toggles all IO pins at 1Hz

#include <avr/io.h>
#include <util/delay.h>

void init_io(void)
// 1 = output, 0 = input
DDRB = 0b11111111; // All outputs
DDRC = 0b11111111; // All outputs
DDRD = 0b11111110; // PORTD (RX on PD0). Just for demo

int main(void)

while (1)

PORTC = 0x00;
PORTB = 0x00;
PORTD = 0x00;

return 0;

+ 65
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/BlinkWithoutDelay/BlinkWithoutDelay.ino View File

@@ -0,0 +1,65 @@
/* Blink without Delay
Turns on and off a light emitting diode(LED) connected to a digital
pin, without using the delay() function. This means that other code
can run at the same time without being interrupted by the LED code.
The circuit:
* LED attached from pin 13 to ground.
* Note: on most Arduinos, there is already an LED on the board
that's attached to pin 13, so no hardware is needed for this example.
created 2005
by David A. Mellis
modified 8 Feb 2010
by Paul Stoffregen
This example code is in the public domain.

// constants won't change. Used here to
// set pin numbers:
const int ledPin = 13; // the number of the LED pin

// Variables will change:
int ledState = LOW; // ledState used to set the LED
long previousMillis = 0; // will store last time LED was updated

// the follow variables is a long because the time, measured in miliseconds,
// will quickly become a bigger number than can be stored in an int.
long interval = 1000; // interval at which to blink (milliseconds)

void setup() {
// set the digital pin as output:
pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);

void loop()
// here is where you'd put code that needs to be running all the time.

// check to see if it's time to blink the LED; that is, if the
// difference between the current time and last time you blinked
// the LED is bigger than the interval at which you want to
// blink the LED.
unsigned long currentMillis = millis();
if(currentMillis - previousMillis > interval) {
// save the last time you blinked the LED
previousMillis = currentMillis;

// if the LED is off turn it on and vice-versa:
if (ledState == LOW)
ledState = HIGH;
ledState = LOW;

// set the LED with the ledState of the variable:
digitalWrite(ledPin, ledState);

+ 4
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/BlinkWithoutDelay/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@

include ../../

+ 31
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/Fade/Fade.ino View File

@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
This example shows how to fade an LED on pin 9
using the analogWrite() function.
This example code is in the public domain.
int brightness = 0; // how bright the LED is
int fadeAmount = 5; // how many points to fade the LED by

void setup() {
// declare pin 9 to be an output:
pinMode(9, OUTPUT);

void loop() {
// set the brightness of pin 9:
analogWrite(9, brightness);

// change the brightness for next time through the loop:
brightness = brightness + fadeAmount;

// reverse the direction of the fading at the ends of the fade:
if (brightness == 0 || brightness == 255) {
fadeAmount = -fadeAmount ;
// wait for 30 milliseconds to see the dimming effect

+ 4
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vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/Fade/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@

include ../../

+ 58
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/HelloWorld/HelloWorld.ino View File

@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
LiquidCrystal Library - Hello World
Demonstrates the use a 16x2 LCD display. The LiquidCrystal
library works with all LCD displays that are compatible with the
Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you
can usually tell them by the 16-pin interface.
This sketch prints "Hello World!" to the LCD
and shows the time.
The circuit:
* LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
* LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
* LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
* LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
* LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
* LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2
* LCD R/W pin to ground
* 10K resistor:
* ends to +5V and ground
* wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)
Library originally added 18 Apr 2008
by David A. Mellis
library modified 5 Jul 2009
by Limor Fried (
example added 9 Jul 2009
by Tom Igoe
modified 22 Nov 2010
by Tom Igoe
This example code is in the public domain.

// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

void setup() {
// set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
lcd.begin(16, 2);
// Print a message to the LCD.
lcd.print("hello, world!");

void loop() {
// set the cursor to column 0, line 1
// (note: line 1 is the second row, since counting begins with 0):
lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
// print the number of seconds since reset:

+ 4
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/HelloWorld/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
ARDUINO_LIBS = LiquidCrystal

include ../../

+ 55
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/MakefileExample/ View File

@@ -0,0 +1,55 @@
### This is an example Makefile and it MUST be configured to suit your needs.
### For detailled explanations about all the avalaible options,
### please refer to

### This is the path to where you have created/cloned your project
PROJECT_DIR = /Users/Ladislas/dev/leka/moti

### Path to the Arduino-Makefile directory.
ARDMK_DIR = $(PROJECT_DIR)/arduino-mk

### Path to the Arduino application and ressources directory.
ARDUINO_DIR = /Applications/

### Path to where the your project's libraries are stored.

### It must be set to the board you are currently using. (i.e uno, mega2560, etc.)
BOARD_TAG = mega2560

### It must be set to Serial baudrate value you are using.

### Path to the AVR tools directory such as avr-gcc, avr-g++, etc.
AVR_TOOLS_DIR = /usr/local

### Path to avrdude directory.
AVRDDUDE = /usr/local/bin/avrdude

### Flags you might want to set for debugging purpose. Comment to stop.
CPPFLAGS = -pedantic -Wall -Wextra

### The port your board is connected to. Using an '*' tries all the ports and finds the right one.
MONITOR_PORT = /dev/tty.usbmodem*

### don't touch this
CURRENT_DIR = $(shell basename $(CURDIR))

### This is were you put the binaries you just compile using 'make'

### path to, inside the ARDMK_DIR, don't touch.
include $(ARDMK_DIR)/

+ 7
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/ View File

@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
This folder contains the list of example Arduino sketches and makefile showing the different usage patterns

- Blink - Shows normal usage
- HelloWorld - Shows how to include Arduino libraries
- BlinkInAVRC - Shows how to use plain AVR C code
- BlinkChipKIT - Shows how to use ChipKIT
- ATtinyBlink - Shows how to use different cores like ATtiny

+ 14
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/TinySoftWareSerial/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
# Arduino Make file. Refer to

# if you have placed the alternate core in your sketchbook directory, then you can just mention the core name alone.
# If not, you might have to include the full path.
#ALTERNATE_CORE_PATH = /home/sudar/Dropbox/code/arduino-sketches/hardware/attiny/

BOARD_TAG = attiny85-8

ARDUINO_LIBS = SoftwareSerial

include $(ARDMK_DIR)/

# !!! Important. You have to use make ispload to upload when using ISP programmer

+ 12
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/TinySoftWareSerial/TinySoftwareSerial.ino View File

@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>

SoftwareSerial mySerial(3, 4); // RX, TX

void setup() {

void loop() {

+ 6
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/WebServer/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
# Arduino Make file. Refer to


include ../../

+ 82
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/WebServer/WebServer.ino View File

@@ -0,0 +1,82 @@
Web Server
A simple web server that shows the value of the analog input pins.
using an Arduino Wiznet Ethernet shield.
* Ethernet shield attached to pins 10, 11, 12, 13
* Analog inputs attached to pins A0 through A5 (optional)
created 18 Dec 2009
by David A. Mellis
modified 4 Sep 2010
by Tom Igoe

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>

// Enter a MAC address and IP address for your controller below.
// The IP address will be dependent on your local network:
byte mac[] = { 0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
IPAddress ip(192,168,1, 178);

// Initialize the Ethernet server library
// with the IP address and port you want to use
// (port 80 is default for HTTP):
EthernetServer server(80);

void setup()
// start the Ethernet connection and the server:
Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);

void loop()
// listen for incoming clients
EthernetClient client = server.available();
if (client) {
// an http request ends with a blank line
boolean currentLineIsBlank = true;
while (client.connected()) {
if (client.available()) {
char c =;
// if you've gotten to the end of the line (received a newline
// character) and the line is blank, the http request has ended,
// so you can send a reply
if (c == '\n' && currentLineIsBlank) {
// send a standard http response header
client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
client.println("Content-Type: text/html");

// output the value of each analog input pin
for (int analogChannel = 0; analogChannel < 6; analogChannel++) {
client.print("analog input ");
client.print(" is ");
client.println("<br />");
if (c == '\n') {
// you're starting a new line
currentLineIsBlank = true;
else if (c != '\r') {
// you've gotten a character on the current line
currentLineIsBlank = false;
// give the web browser time to receive the data
// close the connection:

+ 6
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/master_reader/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
# Arduino Make file. Refer to


include ../../

+ 32
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/master_reader/master_reader.ino View File

@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
// Wire Master Reader
// by Nicholas Zambetti <>

// Demonstrates use of the Wire library
// Reads data from an I2C/TWI slave device
// Refer to the "Wire Slave Sender" example for use with this

// Created 29 March 2006

// This example code is in the public domain.

#include <Wire.h>

void setup()
Wire.begin(); // join i2c bus (address optional for master)
Serial.begin(9600); // start serial for output

void loop()
Wire.requestFrom(2, 6); // request 6 bytes from slave device #2

while(Wire.available()) // slave may send less than requested
char c =; // receive a byte as character
Serial.print(c); // print the character


+ 4
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/toneMelody/Makefile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@

include ../../

+ 95
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/toneMelody/pitches.h View File

@@ -0,0 +1,95 @@
* Public Constants

#define NOTE_B0 31
#define NOTE_C1 33
#define NOTE_CS1 35
#define NOTE_D1 37
#define NOTE_DS1 39
#define NOTE_E1 41
#define NOTE_F1 44
#define NOTE_FS1 46
#define NOTE_G1 49
#define NOTE_GS1 52
#define NOTE_A1 55
#define NOTE_AS1 58
#define NOTE_B1 62
#define NOTE_C2 65
#define NOTE_CS2 69
#define NOTE_D2 73
#define NOTE_DS2 78
#define NOTE_E2 82
#define NOTE_F2 87
#define NOTE_FS2 93
#define NOTE_G2 98
#define NOTE_GS2 104
#define NOTE_A2 110
#define NOTE_AS2 117
#define NOTE_B2 123
#define NOTE_C3 131
#define NOTE_CS3 139
#define NOTE_D3 147
#define NOTE_DS3 156
#define NOTE_E3 165
#define NOTE_F3 175
#define NOTE_FS3 185
#define NOTE_G3 196
#define NOTE_GS3 208
#define NOTE_A3 220
#define NOTE_AS3 233
#define NOTE_B3 247
#define NOTE_C4 262
#define NOTE_CS4 277
#define NOTE_D4 294
#define NOTE_DS4 311
#define NOTE_E4 330
#define NOTE_F4 349
#define NOTE_FS4 370
#define NOTE_G4 392
#define NOTE_GS4 415
#define NOTE_A4 440
#define NOTE_AS4 466
#define NOTE_B4 494
#define NOTE_C5 523
#define NOTE_CS5 554
#define NOTE_D5 587
#define NOTE_DS5 622
#define NOTE_E5 659
#define NOTE_F5 698
#define NOTE_FS5 740
#define NOTE_G5 784
#define NOTE_GS5 831
#define NOTE_A5 880
#define NOTE_AS5 932
#define NOTE_B5 988
#define NOTE_C6 1047
#define NOTE_CS6 1109
#define NOTE_D6 1175
#define NOTE_DS6 1245
#define NOTE_E6 1319
#define NOTE_F6 1397
#define NOTE_FS6 1480
#define NOTE_G6 1568
#define NOTE_GS6 1661
#define NOTE_A6 1760
#define NOTE_AS6 1865
#define NOTE_B6 1976
#define NOTE_C7 2093
#define NOTE_CS7 2217
#define NOTE_D7 2349
#define NOTE_DS7 2489
#define NOTE_E7 2637
#define NOTE_F7 2794
#define NOTE_FS7 2960
#define NOTE_G7 3136
#define NOTE_GS7 3322
#define NOTE_A7 3520
#define NOTE_AS7 3729
#define NOTE_B7 3951
#define NOTE_C8 4186
#define NOTE_CS8 4435
#define NOTE_D8 4699
#define NOTE_DS8 4978

+ 49
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/examples/toneMelody/toneMelody.ino View File

@@ -0,0 +1,49 @@
Plays a melody
* 8-ohm speaker on digital pin 8
created 21 Jan 2010
modified 30 Aug 2011
by Tom Igoe

This example code is in the public domain.
#include "pitches.h"

// notes in the melody:
int melody[] = {

// note durations: 4 = quarter note, 8 = eighth note, etc.:
int noteDurations[] = {
4, 8, 8, 4,4,4,4,4 };

void setup() {
// iterate over the notes of the melody:
for (int thisNote = 0; thisNote < 8; thisNote++) {

// to calculate the note duration, take one second
// divided by the note type.
//e.g. quarter note = 1000 / 4, eighth note = 1000/8, etc.
int noteDuration = 1000/noteDurations[thisNote];
tone(8, melody[thisNote],noteDuration);

// to distinguish the notes, set a minimum time between them.
// the note's duration + 30% seems to work well:
int pauseBetweenNotes = noteDuration * 1.30;
// stop the tone playing:

void loop() {
// no need to repeat the melody.

+ 502
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/licence.txt View File

@@ -0,0 +1,502 @@
Version 2.1, February 1999

Copyright (C) 1991, 1999 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

[This is the first released version of the Lesser GPL. It also counts
as the successor of the GNU Library Public License, version 2, hence
the version number 2.1.]


The licenses for most software are designed to take away your
freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public
Licenses are intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change
free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users.

This license, the Lesser General Public License, applies to some
specially designated software packages--typically libraries--of the
Free Software Foundation and other authors who decide to use it. You
can use it too, but we suggest you first think carefully about whether
this license or the ordinary General Public License is the better
strategy to use in any particular case, based on the explanations below.

When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom of use,
not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that
you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge
for this service if you wish); that you receive source code or can get
it if you want it; that you can change the software and use pieces of
it in new free programs; and that you are informed that you can do
these things.

To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid
distributors to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender these
rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for
you if you distribute copies of the library or if you modify it.

For example, if you distribute copies of the library, whether gratis
or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that we gave
you. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source
code. If you link other code with the library, you must provide
complete object files to the recipients, so that they can relink them
with the library after making changes to the library and recompiling
it. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.

We protect your rights with a two-step method: (1) we copyright the
library, and (2) we offer you this license, which gives you legal
permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the library.

To protect each distributor, we want to make it very clear that
there is no warranty for the free library. Also, if the library is
modified by someone else and passed on, the recipients should know
that what they have is not the original version, so that the original
author's reputation will not be affected by problems that might be
introduced by others.
Finally, software patents pose a constant threat to the existence of
any free program. We wish to make sure that a company cannot
effectively restrict the users of a free program by obtaining a
restrictive license from a patent holder. Therefore, we insist that
any patent license obtained for a version of the library must be
consistent with the full freedom of use specified in this license.

Most GNU software, including some libraries, is covered by the
ordinary GNU General Public License. This license, the GNU Lesser
General Public License, applies to certain designated libraries, and
is quite different from the ordinary General Public License. We use
this license for certain libraries in order to permit linking those
libraries into non-free programs.

When a program is linked with a library, whether statically or using
a shared library, the combination of the two is legally speaking a
combined work, a derivative of the original library. The ordinary
General Public License therefore permits such linking only if the
entire combination fits its criteria of freedom. The Lesser General
Public License permits more lax criteria for linking other code with
the library.

We call this license the "Lesser" General Public License because it
does Less to protect the user's freedom than the ordinary General
Public License. It also provides other free software developers Less
of an advantage over competing non-free programs. These disadvantages
are the reason we use the ordinary General Public License for many
libraries. However, the Lesser license provides advantages in certain
special circumstances.

For example, on rare occasions, there may be a special need to
encourage the widest possible use of a certain library, so that it becomes
a de-facto standard. To achieve this, non-free programs must be
allowed to use the library. A more frequent case is that a free
library does the same job as widely used non-free libraries. In this
case, there is little to gain by limiting the free library to free
software only, so we use the Lesser General Public License.

In other cases, permission to use a particular library in non-free
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How to Apply These Terms to Your New Libraries

If you develop a new library, and you want it to be of the greatest
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Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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<signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1990
Ty Coon, President of Vice

That's all there is to it!

+ 23
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/packaging/debian/ View File

@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
# How to compile a Deb package

Use these instructions to build your own Deb package from your local sources.
For the latest official packages go to [Debian](
or [Ubuntu]( or use apt.

First install the dependencies as root:

apt-get build-dep arduino-mk
apt-get install arduino-core build-essential dpkg-dev fakeroot devscripts

Fetch the Debian source:

apt-get source arduino-mk

Make any local changes to want within the arduino-mk-* directory and update the package version:

cd arduino-mk-*
dch -i

Then compile. This will create a binary Deb:

dpkg-buildpackage -b

+ 39
- 0
vendor/arduino-makefile/packaging/fedora/ View File

@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
# How to compile an RPM

First install the dependencies as root:

yum install arduino-core rpm-build

From the top-level Arduino-Makefile directory you've checked out of github, run the following (as unprivileged user) to create a compressed tarball using the naming conventions required by rpmbuild:

git archive HEAD --prefix=arduino-mk-1.3.4/ -o ../arduino-mk-1.3.4.tar.gz

If you don't already have a rpmbuild setup (e.g. you've not installed the SRPM) you will need to create the directories:

mkdir -p ~/rpmbuild/{SOURCES,SPECS}

Then copy the tarball and specfile into those directories:

cp ../arduino-mk-1.3.4.tar.gz ~/rpmbuild/SOURCES/
cp packaging/fedora/arduino-mk.spec ~/rpmbuild/SPECS/

Then compile. This will create a binary and source RPM: